Our approach to tax is simple: translate an arcane tax code into plain English—decode its artifacts and incentives—so that you can make intelligent decisions and achieve your business, personal, and social goals. We help structure mergers and acquisitions, spin-offs, joint ventures, and financings for tax efficiency and minimized risk. We counsel you in identifying risks and opportunities within the complex interplay of tax laws, and explain these in terms that help you balance risk and cost. We zealously represent individual and business clients in audits, appeals, and litigation with the Internal Revenue Service, and with state and local tax authorities. We work with public companies, start-ups and entrepreneurs, family businesses, individual taxpayers, private equity and venture capital funds, family offices and private investors, expatriate employees and expatriate executives, foreign nationals working in the United States, foreign subsidiaries, non-U.S. businesses, private foundations and donor-advised funds, and public charities.